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本书的出版可为世界各国进行防灾、减灾以及灾害应急管理提供新的思路和方法,为政府有关部门制定相关政策提供参考和依据,为全球防灾减灾工作做出积极贡献,具有重要的学术价值和现实指导意义。

作品简介:

本书属于《中国科技进展》系列丛书,由中国知网联合期刊编辑部组织专家遴选出147篇中国自然灾害研究方面的研究论文。所收录的论文均由其一次发表的期刊编委会推荐,全书共分6章,详细介绍了地震、干旱、洪涝、台风、滑坡、泥石流6种自然灾害的形成机制、风险评估、监测预警及减灾措施等,内容涵盖5.12汶川地震、4.25尼泊尔地震、台风“玛莉亚”、“威马逊”等灾害实例,全面展示了我国应对重大自然灾害的成功经验和对策,对于理解灾害发生的规律,预测未来灾害发生的趋势,减轻自然灾害提供科学与技术支持,对国内外防灾减灾工作具有普遍的实践指导意义。原始论文以中文发表,本书以英文译文进行精选汇编。

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目录

Foreword by Editor-in-Chief 序言

The frequent natural disasters in recent years have caused serious economic loss and threatened human life, becoming a global issue of great concern to governments and scientists. According to the 2019 Global Natural Disaster Assessment Report, 320 major natural disasters occurred globally on average each year from 1989 to 2019, of which floods and storms had the highest proportion of more than 60%. It has been a consensus in the international community to gain a scientific understanding toward the patterns of occurrence and development of natural disasters, to improve the awareness and knowledge of disaster prevention and mitigation, and to reduce the harm caused by natural disasters to human society. China is among the countries seriously affected by natural disasters. Since the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Government have attached great importance to the prevention and control of natural disasters, with the achievements in disaster prevention, mitigation, and relief being universally acknowledged.

Since 2014, Journal of Natural Disasters, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics, Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences and Acta Meteorologica Sinica have been successively selected for the Journal Translation Project (JTP, http://jtp.cnki.net/bilingual). As of 2020, 3 918 articles from these journals have been included in JTP and published in both Chinese and English, which has enhanced the international influence of these journals. To further promote the international exchange of China’s academic achievements in natural disaster research and the international dissemination of these journals, we selected 147 excellent Chinese articles on natural disaster research. This collection of articles involves the latest findings in natural disaster research supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key R&D Program of China and National Major Scientific Research Program of China. These articles involve the disaster examples such as 5.12 Wenchuan earthquake, 4.25 Nepal earthquake, Typhoon Maria and Typhoon Rammasun and comprehensively demonstrate the successful experience and countermeasures in dealing with major natural disasters in China. This book is a compilation of the English version of the selected Chinese articles and includes six chapters, with detailed introduction of the formation mechanisms, risk assessment, monitoring and warning, and disaster mitigation measures of six types of natural disasters: earthquake, drought, flood, typhoon, landslide and debris flow. It provides scientific and technical support for understanding the patterns of disaster occurrence, predicting the future disasters, and mitigating the harm caused by natural disasters, which has practical significance for disaster prevention and mitigation worldwide. Therefore, this book can be used as a reference for researchers, technicians, teachers and students focusing on prevention and mitigation of natural disasters.

Disaster prevention, mitigation, resilience, and relief are eternal topics for human survival and development since many countries and regions in the world still face serious natural disasters. As the editor-in-chief, I believe this book will provide new ideas and methods for disaster prevention, mitigation and emergency management in countries all over the world and serve as a reference and basis for the development of policies by government departments. This book will be of important academic value and practical significance.

Editor-in-chief: LIU Jingnan

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Part 1 Earthquake
Characteristic Analysis
Disastrous Spatial Distribution and Danger Zonation of Seco...
Spatiotemporal Distribution Feature of Earthquake Disaster ...
Characteristics of Earthquake Disasters Distribution and Se...
Investigation and Analysis of Seismic Damage to School Buil...
Data Processing and Analysis of Strong Ground Motion Record...
Early Warning & Disaster Mitigation Measures
Study and Discussion on the Policy of Earthquake Early Warn...
Research on New Early-warning Method of Earthquakes and Ana...
A Prospective Prediction of Great Earthquakes for the Circu...
A Continuous Real-time Method for Seismic Intensity Predict...
Earthquake Prediction Ⅳ: Electromagnetic Method
Earthquake Prediction VI: Gas Geochemical Method
Earthquake Prediction VII: Geochemical Method
Application of a Threshold-based Earthquake Early Warning t...
Interference Prevention Algorithm Used for Single Station o...
Review on Seismic Damage Prediction Methods of Single Mason...
New Mobile Oceanic Seismic Recording System and Its Applica...
Review of Seismic Tomography Methods in Near-surface Struct...
Waveform Classification and Seismic Recognition by Convolut...
Earthquake Emergency Management Capacity Evaluation Based o...
Correlation Analysis of PGA Amplification Factor with Site ...
Earthquake Emergency Management System of Xiamen City Based...
Secondary Mountain Disasters Induced by the “4·25” Nepal...
Planning Framework of Earthquake Catastrophe Preparedness B...
A Review of Measures for Preventing Bridge from Pounding an...
Research Trend of Earthquake Resilient Structures Seen from...
A Review of Seismic Resilience and Performance-based Seismi...
Seismic Performance Analysis of Existing Typical Rural Buil...
Progress of Research on City Seismic Resilience Evaluation
An Assessment of Seismic Vulnerability of Urban Structures ...
Part 2 Drought
Characteristic Analysis
Variation in the Characteristics of Drought in East Henan P...
Spatiotemporal Evolution Characteristics of Drought-waterlo...
Drought Characteristics Analysis of the Yellow River Basin ...
Evapotranspiration Variability over Global Arid and Semi-ar...
Drying Trend in Northern China and Its Shift during 1951–2...
Analysis on Drought Risk of Maize in Southwest China Based ...
Characteristics of Drought Risk in Southern China Based on ...
Risk Assessment of Drought Disaster in Yunnan Province
Risk Assessment of Future Meteorological Drought Hazard in ...
Assessment and Regionalization on Drought Risk of Different...
Early Warning & Disaster Mitigation Measures
Advances in Remote Sensing Derived Agricultural Drought Mon...
Remote Sensing Monitoring and Effect Analysis of Spatiotemp...
Study on Real-time Risk Monitoring of Crop Drought Disaster...
Applicability of Different Parameterization Schemes in Semi...
Effects of Radiative Forcing on Precipitation over Arid and...
Part 3 Flood
Characteristic Analysis
Analysis on the Instability and Trigger Mechanism of Torren...
Cloud Microphysical Characteristics of Different Precipitat...
Fundamental Features of the Extreme Severe Rain Events in t...
Statistical Analysis of the Shear Lines and Torrential Rain...
Comparative Study of Response Behavior to the Rainstorm dur...
Sources and Transportation of Water Vapor in Persistent Hea...
Cause Comparison Analysis of Different Fallen Area of Heavy...
Structure Analysis of Heavy Precipitation over the Eastern ...
Diagnostic Analysis of Rate and Efficiency of Torrential Ra...
Characteristics of Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Reg...
Mesoscale Characteristics and Mechanism Analysis of the Une...
A Study on the Mechanism for the Vortex System Evolution an...
Early Warning & Disaster Mitigation Measures
Hazard Zoning of Flash Flood in Mountainous Administrative ...
Impact of Catastrophic Flood Damage on Schistosomiasis Tran...
Comprehensive Evaluation of Urban Flood Control and Disaste...
Integrated Risk Assessment of Flood Disaster in Zhejiang Pr...
Application of GIS and Spatialization of Rainstorm and Floo...
Simulation and Analysis of Urban Storm Waterlogging Based o...
Application of Assimilating Doppler Weather Radar Data in t...
Diagnosis and Forecasting of Dynamical Parameters for a Hea...
Preliminary Application of a Multi-physical Ensemble Transf...
A Blending Method for Storm-scale Ensemble Forecast and Its...
Evaluation of Rainstorm Disaster Prevention and Mitigation ...
Radar Data Assimilation System Based on NLS-4DVar and Its A...
Research Advance in Flood Damage Assessment Considering Res...
Numerical Study of Terrain Dynamic Influence on Warm Area H...
Design of Economic Losses Evaluation Information System of ...
Study on the Optimal Grid Method in Assessment of Vulnerabi...
A Study of the Impact of Initial Conditions on the Predicta...
A New Verification Method for Heavy Rainfall Forecast Based...
A New Verification Method for Heavy Rainfall Forecast Based...
Part 4 Typhoon
Characteristic Analysis
Comparison of Synoptic Circulations of Heavy Rain Associate...
Diagnostic Analysis of Characteristics of Vertical Distribu...
Characteristic Analysis of Low Richardson Number in the Out...
Early Warning & Disaster Mitigation Measures
Diagnosis of Dynamical Parameters in Torrential Rain Associ...
Analysis of Various Moist Potential Vorticities with Differ...
Application of Landsat 8 in Monitoring of Rubber Plantation...
Numerical Simulation and Comparison of Cloud Microphysical ...
Effects of Different Setback Measures on Across Wind Effect...
Application of Object-oriented Classification Method to Typ...
Construction and Application of a Regional Typhoon–ocean C...
Simulation of Typhoon Wind Field over Sea Surface Based on ...
Impact of AMSR2 Radiance Data Assimilation on the Analysis ...
Observations of the Tornado Occurring at Foshan on 4 Octobe...
Field Measurement Study on Wind Structure Characteristics o...
Simulations of Anthropogenic Aerosols Effects on the Intens...
A New Variational Assimilation Method for Numerical Typhoon...
Application of Potential Vorticity Tendency in Track Recurv...
A Numerical Study of Taiwan Island Impacts on the Developme...
Part 5 Landslide
Characteristic Analysis
Xinmo Landslide on June 24, 2017 in Maoxian, Sichuan: Chara...
Cataclastic Characteristics and Formation Mechanism of Rock...
Dynamic Evaluation of Regional Landslide Hazard Due to Rain...
Acceleration Response of Colluvial Landslide Based on Centr...
Study on Characteristics and Cause Mechanism of Grouping Sl...
Disaster Mechanism and Stability Analysis of Shattered Bedd...
“Opposite-slide” Loess Landslides and Its Formation Mecha...
Analysis of the Influential Factor of Landslide in Yongshen...
Characteristics and Cause Analysis of Zhangmu Landslide in ...
Early Warning & Disaster Mitigation Measures
Wavelet Identification Method for Deformation Abnormality o...
Precursor Information of Locking Segment Landslides Based o...
Risk Prediction and Classification of Waste Dump Landslide ...
Landslide Information Extraction Based on the Optimal Segme...
An Ensemble Prediction Model for Rainfall-induced Landslide...
Experimental Study on the Propagation and Deposit Features ...
Model Test Study of the Effect of Slope Angle and Chute Wid...
Study on Evaluation Indices Validity of Landslide Susceptib...
Frame Structure and Engineering Applications of Multi-sourc...
Critical Sliding Prediction Criterion of Landslide Based on...
Prediction of Landslide Stability Based on SVM Model Optimi...
Fluid-structure Coupling Algorithm Based on SPH-DEM and App...
Model Test on Deformation and Failure of Landslide in Water...
Series and Parallel Model of Landslide Hazard Evaluation Ba...
Granular Flow Coupling Model for Tsunami Generated by Subma...
Physical Model Studies on Fill Embankment Slope Deformation...
Numerical Methods for Two Key Problems in Rainfall-induced ...
Application of Variable Fuzzy Pattern Recognition Method on...
Evaluation of Landslide Stability Based on Catastrophe Prog...
Landslide Hazard Assessment Based on Uncertain Hierarchical...
Stability Analysis of Slope Reinforced with Composite Anti-...
Forecast Analysis and Application of Stepwise Deformation o...
Experimental Study on Reservoir Landslide under Rainfall an...
Application of Satellite Radar Remote Sensing to Landslide ...
Monitoring Dynamics of Hailuogou Glacier and the Secondary ...
Integrated Space-air-ground Early Detection, Monitoring and...
Early Identification of Serious Geological Hazards with Int...
Influence of Different Retaining Structures on Landslide–d...
Tracing the Two-dimensional Surface Displacements of Pre-fa...
Early Detection of Landslides in Upstream and Downstream Ar...
Part 6 Debris Flow
Characteristic Analysis
Characteristics and Damage of Debris Flow Events along Guan...
Analysis of Motion Process and Accumulation Zone Characteri...
Developmental Characteristics and Hazard Analysis of Debris...
Early Warning & Disaster Mitigation Measures
Model Test of Rainfall Intensity Influence on Debris Flow S...
Hazard Regionalization of Debris Flow Disasters along Highw...
Application of GIS-based Fuzzy Mathematics Model to Sensiti...
Hazard Assessment and Influence Factors Analysis of Debris ...
Experimental Study on Characteristic of Blocking and Trappi...
Investigation of Influence of Debris-flow Properties and Ch...
Research on Application of Wing Wall Type Dam in Prevention...
Hindcast Study of “6.18” Mentougou Debris-flow Event Base...
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