In recent years, air pollution has become increasingly serious, which poses a major threat to human survival and development. According to the World Health Organization, 7 million people die each year from air pollution worldwide, arousing widespread concern in various countries. The air pollution control practices and achievements in China have been highly recognized by the international community. A Review of 20 Years’ Air Pollution Control in Beijing released by the United Nations Environment Programme showed that the average annual atmospheric concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and PM10 in Beijing decreased by 93.3%, 37.8%, and 55.3%, respectively, from 1998 to 2017. The air quality has been significantly improved in the context of rapid socio-economic development, and a comprehensive air pollution control system with Beijing characteristics has been established.
Since 2014, 8 journals in environmental research, such as Environmental Science, China Environmental Science, Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, and Acta Meteorologica Sinica have joined the Journal Translation Project (JTP, http://jtp.cnki.net/bilingual). As of 2020, 2 982 articles from these journals have been included in JTP and published in both Chinese and English, which has enhanced the international influence of these journals. To further strengthen the international exchange of academic achievements in China’s air pollution research and the international dissemination of these journals, 137 excellent articles concerning China’s air pollution research are selected to represent the latest air pollution research achievements from the Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Key R&D Program of China, and the Key Project of Heavy Air Pollution Causes and Control. This book includes two chapters. Chapter 1 systematically analyzes the spatio-temporal changes, pollution characteristics, and sources of air pollutants including PM2.5, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide in the key areas of China like the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta, and summarizes the general evolution and scientific law of air pollution in various cities of China. Chapter 2 highlights the effective measures adopted to deal with air pollution in China. These articles fully demonstrate China’s achievements in air pollution prevention and control, which will provide a reference for air pollution control in other countries and regions. The original articles were published in Chinese, and this book is a compilation of English version of selected articles. It is designed for teachers and students who are from the higher education institutions and engaged in the research on atmospheric science and air pollution control technology, the researchers of environmental protection institutes, engineers and technicians of Enterprises, and the officials from environmental protection administrative departments in China and abroad. The book can serve as a “Chinese model” of air pollution control for the world.
The disasters caused by air pollution are global and have seriously threatened the human survival and development. China is determined to win the battle to defend the blue sky and willing to work with the international community to address this severe challenge, promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, and jointly build a clean and beautiful world. As the editor-in-chief, I believe that this book will provide new ideas and methods for the prevention and control of global air pollution, which is of significant theoretical and practical significance.
Editor-in-chief: HAO Jiming收起