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本书可供国内外从事大气科学和大气污染防治技术研究的高等院校师生、环保科研院所的研究人员、企业的工程技术人员以及环境保护管理部门的管理工作者参考学习,为世界治理大气污染提供“中国范本”,为全球大气污染防治工作提供新的思路和方法,具有重大的理论和实践指导意义。

作品简介:

本书属于《中国科技进展》系列丛书,由中国知网联合期刊编辑部组织专家遴选出137篇大气污染与治理的研究论文。所收录的论文均由其一次发表的期刊编委会推荐,全书分为2章:第1章系统剖析了我国京津冀及周边、长三角、珠三角等重点区域PM2.5、VOCs、臭氧、二氧化硫、氮氧化物等一系列大气污染物的时空变化、污染特征及来源,总结归纳我国各城市大气污染发展演变的普遍历程与科学规律;第2章重点介绍了我国应对大气污染的有效措施;充分展示了我国开展大气污染防治所取得的成效,以期为世界各国大气污染治理提供借鉴和参考。原始论文以中文发表,本书以英文译文进行精选汇编。

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Foreword by Editor-in-Chief 序言

In recent years, air pollution has become increasingly serious, which poses a major threat to human survival and development. According to the World Health Organization, 7 million people die each year from air pollution worldwide, arousing widespread concern in various countries. The air pollution control practices and achievements in China have been highly recognized by the international community. A Review of 20 Years’ Air Pollution Control in Beijing released by the United Nations Environment Programme showed that the average annual atmospheric concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and PM10 in Beijing decreased by 93.3%, 37.8%, and 55.3%, respectively, from 1998 to 2017. The air quality has been significantly improved in the context of rapid socio-economic development, and a comprehensive air pollution control system with Beijing characteristics has been established.

Since 2014, 8 journals in environmental research, such as Environmental Science, China Environmental Science, Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, and Acta Meteorologica Sinica have joined the Journal Translation Project (JTP, http://jtp.cnki.net/bilingual). As of 2020, 2 982 articles from these journals have been included in JTP and published in both Chinese and English, which has enhanced the international influence of these journals. To further strengthen the international exchange of academic achievements in China’s air pollution research and the international dissemination of these journals, 137 excellent articles concerning China’s air pollution research are selected to represent the latest air pollution research achievements from the Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Key R&D Program of China, and the Key Project of Heavy Air Pollution Causes and Control. This book includes two chapters. Chapter 1 systematically analyzes the spatio-temporal changes, pollution characteristics, and sources of air pollutants including PM2.5, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide in the key areas of China like the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta, and summarizes the general evolution and scientific law of air pollution in various cities of China. Chapter 2 highlights the effective measures adopted to deal with air pollution in China. These articles fully demonstrate China’s achievements in air pollution prevention and control, which will provide a reference for air pollution control in other countries and regions. The original articles were published in Chinese, and this book is a compilation of English version of selected articles. It is designed for teachers and students who are from the higher education institutions and engaged in the research on atmospheric science and air pollution control technology, the researchers of environmental protection institutes, engineers and technicians of Enterprises, and the officials from environmental protection administrative departments in China and abroad. The book can serve as a “Chinese model” of air pollution control for the world.

The disasters caused by air pollution are global and have seriously threatened the human survival and development. China is determined to win the battle to defend the blue sky and willing to work with the international community to address this severe challenge, promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, and jointly build a clean and beautiful world. As the editor-in-chief, I believe that this book will provide new ideas and methods for the prevention and control of global air pollution, which is of significant theoretical and practical significance.

Editor-in-chief: HAO Jiming

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Part 1 Types of Air Pollution
Particle-phase Pollutants
Spatiotemporal Pattern of Ground-level Fine Particulate Mat...
Spatial-temporal Change Evolution of PM2.5 in Typical Regio...
Satellite Retrieval of a Heavy Pollution Process in January...
Spatial and Temporal Distributions and Source Simulation of...
Study on Transmission of PM2.5 in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BT...
Regional Transport Matrix Study of PM2.5 in Beijing-Tianjin...
Air Pollutant Emission Inventory from Iron and Steel Indust...
Pollution Characteristic of PM2.5 and Secondary Inorganic I...
Source Apportionment of PM2.5 in Suburban Area of Beijing-T...
Vertical Distribution and Transport of PM2.5 during Heavy P...
Regional Source Apportionment of PM2.5 in Beijing in Januar...
Correlation, Seasonal and Temporal Variation of Water-solub...
Chemical Species of PM2.5 in the Urban Area of Beijing
Spatial and Temporal Variations of Ambient PM2.5 Source Con...
Spatial and Temporal Distribution and Process Analysis of P...
Diurnal Variation of PM2.5 Mass Concentration in Beijing an...
Characteristics and Transportation Pathways and Potential S...
Pollution Characteristics of NH4+, NO3−, SO42− in PM2.5 and...
Using Morlet Wavelet Analysis to Analyze Multiple Time Scal...
Seasonal Variation and Source Analysis for PM2.5, PM1 and T...
Simulation and Influencing Factors of Spatial Distribution ...
Pollution Level and Sources of Organic Phosphorus Esters in...
Seasonal Changes of Carbonaceous Species in PM2.5, PM2.5–1...
Study on the Nonlinear Relationship among the Visibility, P...
Air Pollutant Emission Inventory and Impact of Typical Indu...
Characterization and Regional Transmission Impact of Water-...
Impacts of Ammonia Emission on PM2.5 Pollution in China
Characteristics of Severe PM2.5 Pollution in Hefei during 2...
Chemical Characterization, Spatial Distribution, and Source...
Seasonal Patterns of PM2.5 Sources and Chemical Composition...
Source Apportionment of PM2.5 Pollution in Shenzhen
Numerical Simulations of Sources and Transport Pathways of ...
Diurnal Variations and Source Apportionment of Water-solubl...
Characteristics and Spatial-temporal Variation of Heavy Met...
Distribution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in the Street ...
Seasonal Provincial Characteristics of Vertical Distributio...
Vertical Characteristics of Deposition Fluxes of Dust and H...
Sources and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Ambient PM2....
Sources and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in PM2.5 around...
Emission Inventory of Heavy Metals in Fine Particles Emitte...
Characteristics and Source Apportionment of Metals in the D...
Level of Heavy Metals, Influencing Factor, and Risk Assessm...
Sources Analysis of Heavy Metal Aerosol Particles in North ...
Pollution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in PM2.5 and Thei...
Concentration Characteristics and Sources of Trace Metals i...
Distribution and Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in ...
Pollution Characteristics and Occupational Exposure Risk of...
Pollution Characteristics and Potential Ecological Risks of...
Contents and Distribution Characteristics of Atmospheric Le...
Characteristics of Speciated Atmospheric Mercury in Chongmi...
Distribution Characteristics and Source Analysis of Dustfal...
Atmospheric Nitrogen and Phosphorous Deposition in Hangjiah...
Characteristics and Sources of Water Soluble Inorganic Ions...
Pollution Characteristics and Source Identification of Poly...
Pollution of Halogenated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons i...
Source Apportionment and Toxicity Quantitation of PM2.5-ass...
Pollutional Characteristics and Sources Analysis of Polycyc...
Atmospheric Pollution Characteristics and Inhalation Exposu...
Source Apportionment and Health Risk Assessment of Polycycl...
Characterization of Haze Pollution over Central China durin...
Spatial Distribution and Temporal Variation of Aerosol Opti...
Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Haze Days and Their...
Composition and Regional Characteristics of Atmosphere Aero...
Influence of the East Asian Winter Monsoon and Atmospheric ...
Seasonal Variation of Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Type...
Concentration and Particle Size Distribution of Microbiolog...
Classification Study of the Heavy Haze during Autumn and Wi...
Trend of Haze in Anhui Province from 1980 to 2013 and the P...
Characteristics of the Size Distribution of Water Soluble I...
Variation of Size Distribution and the Influencing Factors ...
Effects on the Haze Pollution from Autumn Crop Residue Burn...
Gas-phase Pollutants
Emission Characteristics of VOCs from Typical Restaurants i...
Pollution Characteristics of Aldehydes and Ketones in the E...
Temporal and Spatial Distribution of VOCs and Their Role in...
Temporal Variation, Spatial Distribution, and Reactivity Ch...
Potential Contribution of Secondary Organic Aerosols and Oz...
Sources Apportionment of Volatile Organic Compounds VOCs in...
Characteristics of Reactive VOCs Species during High Haze-p...
VOCs Characteristics and Sources Apportionment in Yixing Ci...
Effect of VOCs on O3 and SOA Formation Potential during the...
Emissions, Chemical Composition, and Spatial and Temporal A...
Emission Inventory of Atmospheric Pollutants and VOC Specie...
Spatial and Seasonal Variation and Regionalization of Ozone...
Spatial-temporal Variation of Ozone Concentration and Its D...
Numerical Ozone Forecasting over Shanghai
Modeling Study of a Typical Summer Ozone Pollution Event ov...
Study on the Effects of Urban Expansion on Region Climate a...
Different Air Pollution Situations of O3 and PM2.5 during S...
A Comparative Analysis of Arctic Ozone Depletion Events in ...
Variation of O3 Concentration in Different Regions of Beiji...
Sensitivity Analysis of Ozone in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH...
Characteristics of Ozone Pollution Distribution and Source ...
Impact of Meteorological Factors and Precursors on Spatial ...
Spatio-temporal Change and Influencing Factors of Troposphe...
Spatial-temporal Change of Tropospheric NO2 Column Density ...
Research on the Spatial/Temporal Patterns of NO2 Concentrat...
Analysis about Spatial and Temporal Distribution of SO2 and...
Concentration Characteristics and Potential Sources of Poly...
Simulation Study of the Emission of Polycyclic Aromatic Hyd...
Indoor Formaldehyde and Benzene Series in Shanghai Residenc...
Spatial-temporal Changes of Tropospheric HCHO Column Densit...
Spatial and Temporal Distribution and Related Factors of Fo...
Temporal, Spatial Variation and Influencing Factor of Forma...
Chemical Characteristics and Sources of Atmospheric Carbony...
Possible Sources of PCDD/Fs in Atmosphere of a Certain Dist...
Other Pollution
Variation Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Air Po...
Air Pollution Effect of Thermal Power Plants in Beijing-Tia...
Characteristics of Winter Atmospheric Mixing Layer Height i...
Analysis of Heavy Air Pollution Episodes in Beijing during ...
Part 2 Prevention and Control of Air Pollution
Prevention and Control of PM2.5 Pollution
Real-time Prediction of PM2.5 Concentration Based on Suppor...
Real-time Forecasting System of PM2.5 Concentration Based o...
Spatio-temporal Modeling and Prediction of PM2.5 Concentrat...
Prediction of PM2.5 Concentration in Shanghai Municipality ...
A Numerical Study of Typical Heavy Air Pollution Episode of...
WRF-Chem Based PM2.5 Forecast and Bias Analysis over the Ea...
Numerical Study on the Characteristics of PM2.5 in Beijing ...
Scavenging Effect of Rime and East Wind on PM2.5 under Air ...
Comparison of Models on Spatial Variation of PM2.5 Concentr...
Simulation of the Spatio-temporally Resolved PM2.5 Aerosol ...
Effects of Emission-sources Reduction Time and Ratios on PM...
Effects of Emission Reductions in Key Sources on the PM2.5 ...
Method and Corresponding Effect of Ground Fine Particle Con...
Prevention and Control of Other Pollutants
Control Models and Effect Evaluation of Air Pollution in Ji...
Evaluation of the Improvement of the Air Quality during the...
Application of MEIC Emission Inventory in Air Quality Model
Advances in Methods and Instruments for Determining Concent...
Review on Ammonia Emission Mitigation Techniques of Crop-li...
Advances in Nitrogen Deposition Observation in China and It...
Review of Satellite Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols ...
Climate Characteristics of Atmospheric Self-cleaning Abilit...
Treatment Status and Emission Characteristics of Volatile O...
Study and Application of Test Method for VOCs Emission Fact...
Application of Satellite Remote Sensing in NOx Emission Con...
Effects of Processing Parameters on Fuel NOx in the Sinteri...
Evaluation of the Use of Coal-based Synthetic Natural Gas f...
Assessment of the Effect of the Reduction of the Residentia...
Factors Affecting Mass Loss of Sintering Flue Gas Treated b...
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