Depression, an emotional disorder characterized by depressed mental status, is manifested as persistent depressed mood exceeding the norm, lack of self-confidence, avoidance of crowds, and even feeling of guilt. Patients with depression experience an obvious decrease in vitality, slowed time perception, and inability to experience pleasure. Furthermore, depression can cause physical dysfunctions such as sleep disorders, voracious or decreased appetite, and pain sense.
Depression is a common psychological disorder affecting about 350 million people worldwide. With social and economic development and life stress accumulation, depression occurs at early ages and shows increased incidence. Because patients with depression suffer great anxiety and are even at the risk of suicide, they should be treated as soon as possible. Depression can currently be treated by oral administration of antidepressants, which requires long-term medication and has severe side effects, seriously affecting the life quality of patients. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) focuses on regulating the yin and yang as well as deficiency and excess of the human body as a whole. TCM has inherent advantages in the treatment of depression, with unique efficacy and slight side effect. With the gradual recognition and acceptance worldwide, TCM has gradually become a widely accepted means of treating depression. In addition to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, attributed to the good efficacy, is also supported by empirical studies and accepted by patients. However, the antidepressant mechanisms of Chinese and western medications as well as psychotherapy remain to be clarified, and the active components are yet to be explored. Chinese researchers have been committed to elucidating the action mechanisms of antidepressants and performed clinical treatment and psychological research, making great contributions to the treatment of depression.
Since 2014, Acta Psychologica Sinica, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Acupuncture Research, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica, Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs, Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, Chinese Archives of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica, The Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin, Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal, and Chinese Journal of Nursing have joined the Journal Translation Project (JTP). As of 2020, 3 534 articles from these journals have been included in JTP and published in both Chinese and English, which has enhanced the international influence of these journals. To further promote the international dissemination of these journals and to inform more readers about the latest progress in depression treatment in China, China National Knowledge Infrastructure collaborated with the editorial offices of these journals to constitute a panel of experts to select 50 excellent articles on depression research, which have been compiled into the book Depression (English edition) as a part of China’s Medicine Progress Series (English edition). The articles included were recommended by the editorial boards of the journals in which they were originally published, covering theoretical, mechanism, clinical, and psychological research. These articles fully demonstrate the cutting-edge advances in depression treatment in China, with scientific methodological support and objective conclusions. The original articles were published in Chinese, and this book is a compilation of English versions of selected articles.
As the editor-in-chief, I believe this book will provide useful experience and methods from the Chinese medical and psychological communities for depression treatment worldwide. This book provides scientific, practical, and up-to-date literature for those who engage in medicine and psychology and enhances the international influence of these journals.
Editor-in-chief: REN Zhihong收起